The Big Idea: Susan Forest
Posted on August 21, 2019 Posted by John Scalzi 3 Comments
In today’s Big Idea, Susan Forest is an author with a mission — a real-world mission that reveals itself in a fantastical way in her novel Bursts of Fire.
I love traditional fantasy. I love the magic and the quest. I love the perils, the monsters, and the politics. So when I set out to write Bursts of Fire, I wanted to create a clever, light-hearted heist romp fantasy.
Ever have a story grow?
Ideas beget ideas prolifically, and the story became an epic political and family saga. When I spoke with Laksa Media about publishing my novel(s), the topic of the central driving idea came up. Laksa Media’s mission is to bring social issues to light for examination and discussion through fiction. When Publisher Lucas K. Law asked me what social cause my series addressed, I looked at him for a moment and blinked.
But I immediately knew the answer to his question. Addictions. Because the subconscious plays a role in story creation, even when the conscious mind is unaware of its influence, the subtext was there all along. It only took his question to make me see it—The Big Idea.
Why addictions? For me, the answer is clear. There is no family that has not been touched by addictions, including mine.
Take James (not his real name), a former boyfriend.
I met James when I was a newly-single mom breaking into my first semi-professional acting role. James was a pro, and if not handsome, he was charismatic, highly respected, and talented. He was also an alcoholic. And he was attracted to me—of course, at a time when I was feeling most unattractive and vulnerable.
James only stayed in my life for about six months, and those six months were wild. I was cautioned about him early on, but he made me feel like the only woman on earth. He also sent me away in tears. I knew he would never become a permanent part of my life, but I think the defining break came for me when my sister-in-law, a psychologist, warned me never to leave him alone with my children.
The idea of addictions has always fascinated and terrified me, which may be one reason why my subconscious had built this theme into the story when I wasn’t looking. But the topic dovetails perfectly with Laksa Media’s mission; it’s an issue of mental health hidden in shame, and needs to be brought into the open. Through Laksa’s editorial input, deeper research, and further drafts, Bursts of Fire—and the entire Addicted to Heaven series—deepened in complexity and richness.
Alcohol and drug addiction are little-understood forms of mental illness; for centuries, the stigma of the illness has colored research and treatment, leading to medical and health myths. Heredity, environment, social structures, economics, and politics all appear to have roles in the development and persistence of the malady.
Those with genetic conditions, such as untreated ADHD (which runs in my family), are statistically more likely to succumb. So are people with early trauma. Exposure to substances, particularly at a young age, seems to be a factor, and people diagnosed with addictions have measurable changes in their brain structure and chemistry.
Cultures which pair alcohol with masculinity, or those exposed to cultural trauma such as having children removed en masse from families, have higher rates of illness. Drug policy has been racially and economically influenced, from the British/Chinese opium wars to the criminalization distinctions between cocaine and crack.
But, much evidence is correlational, and causality is complex.
Treatment has ranged from exorcism, imprisonment, and forms of chemical intervention, to abstinence through willpower or religion. Harm reduction has shown promise, but it is highly controversial. Medical care models based on for-profit frameworks are not necessarily also based on best scientific research.
Hope for better treatments comes from our willingness to see addictions as chronic illnesses like diabetes, which can be treated through lifestyle and dietary adjustments or through medication. If addiction can be separated from its clinging stigma, perhaps we can create a similar range of individualized therapies with greater effectiveness.
The bottom line is we simply don’t have all the answers. But a seven-book series gives me the scope to explore a wide range of issues dealing with substance use.
The first book of the series, Bursts of Fire, releases three high-born, magical sisters into a world of abrupt change, to rely on their wits and unravel the mystery of a mad king’s inexplicable attack on their home. It abounds with breathless excitement, but it also deals with the first tastes of addictive spells.
Book Two, Flights of Marigolds, takes the adventure and politics higher with a rebel defeat and pursuit of a McGuffin, but it also takes the social issues deeper by examining the question of enabling and co-dependence. Later books in the series will introduce a pair of mischievous con men and a clever cat burglar and also address factors that make some individuals and groups more at risk for substance abuse than others.
The series considers not only adverse consequences, but also the joys and delights of substance use. Drugs and alcohol have been used throughout history and across cultures for celebration, rituals, social affiliation, pleasure, inspiration, and spiritual connection. Carl Hart, a professor of neuroscience and psychology at Columbia University, notes, “If the vast majority of people who use any drug do not become addicted, you can’t blame the drug for addiction. The reality is, the overwhelming amount of drug use that occurs in a society is positive; not only positive, but life enhancing.”
So, yes: Bursts of Fire (and its ensuing sequels) is many things: a political epic, a family saga, a heist romp, a magical fantasy. It is also a garden of exploration for big ideas. Bring on the delights of fantasy novels. Bring on the thieves, kings, and magic users. Bring on the hidden social issues. Big ideas can grow from stories of rollicking adventure. And one can also have thoughtful content within a book or a series that is fun to read.
Bursts of Fire: Amazon|Barnes & Noble|Indiebound|Powell’s
Read an excerpt. Visit the author’s site. Follow her on Twitter.
What, no comments? Allow me:
Hello Susan and others,
I won’t comment on your book, instead I’ll further your thoughts on addiction, that society should be less blindly afraid.
Back in the 1980’s I attended a conference on palliative care. Here’s what I dimly recall: At the time North Americans were having their cancer patients in pain, afraid to give them too much heroin lest they survive the cancer only to become hopeless addicts. A British doctor gave us hope. He advised us on a reasonable time and dosage used in the UK. He said research had showed cause for hope for ex-patients: They wouldn’t become addicts unless they had both a genetic predisposition and a psychological predisposition. Few had both.
Society is still getting perspective. In our university class, taught by a famous department head, using our course tools, we each had to pick a book to analyze regarding a person with a disability.
(Note: This year there is a movie about the man I chose, the movie title is from a cartoon he drew: A posse in the desert comes across a toppled wheelchair. The caption: “Don’t worry, he won’t get far on foot.”)
The cartoonist, Callahan, was a paraplegic who learned to draw cartoons for Playboy magazine by using a brush held in his teeth. My classmates were scandalized when I said I was going to report on his disability being alcoholism. They said, “You can’t do that!” I said, “I’ll prove it” and stuck up my hand. Our professor agreed with me, reminding us future graduates, with some amusement, that professionals had been less effective than amateurs regarding alcoholism. (As you know, the research to invent AA was not by a physician but by a businessman)
So yes, more research and perspective is needed.
Such a lack of comments, so allow me to meta-troll:
Ms Forest, I like how you Canadians, sincere to a fault, never got involved in a war effort against drugs. I daresay the average Canadian doesn’t even know that there is more drug use in the rural areas than in the cities. In fairness, why should they know? Not being at war means the average Canadian isn’t responsible to win any “hearts and minds.”
I think you guys dodged the “Loser” bullet. My department head was seated at a conference dinner next to the Toronto chief of police, and he confided to her that the US War on Drugs was “a farce.” This would have been after Vietnam and before Iraq. Where have you gone, Yoda?
Now you folks have—gasp!—legalized Marijuana (ever politely called cannabis) nation-wide and from what I read in your newspapers it is a (yawn, ho hum) non-issue.
As for your Professor Hart, (second paragraph from the bottom) I can smile to imagine some long haired liberals asking for some charitable funding from short haired folks at the National Rifle Association for doing a poster campaign: “Drugs don’t addict people, people addict people.”
naltrexone has been clinically shown to help alcoholics shake the urge to drink.
One of the problems about it, in the US at least, is Alcohomics Anonymous has at times done what it can to stop research. AA itself claims 75% effectiveness but no studies confirm that. AA pushes a “surrender to god” solution and part of their mythos is that a single drink will always turn into a full bender, which causes people to cut cold turkey, until the craving drives them crazy, at which point they do end up on a bender. AA pushes the “no such thing as moderate drinking. You are either sober or a drunk.
Out of a million doctors in the US, the AMA estimates only about 600 are addiction specialists.
What all this says to me is that we have managed to convince ourselves at every level, from doctors down to the homeless drunk in an alley, tbat drinking is purely a choice, drinking to excess is a bad choice, and alcoholism is not any kind of disease. We are a nation built on the fairy tale of meritocracy to the point that drunks get what they deserved because they must have chosen to drink, and even medical professionals and scientists have bought into this idea.
AA is often part of a judges sentencing for DUI offenders and there is little scientific evidence it actually works. But this is America and people always get what they deserve…